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„Anteriya“ with sleeves from the area of ​​Belitsa. Festive costume from the XXth century.

Festive women's costume from the first half of the twentieth century. The girl is dressed in an „anteriya“ with long sleeves made of brown cotton fabric and lighter threads on the base, bought from Thessaloniki or Serres. It resembles a „zabun“ by cut, but is wider, with long sleeves and rolled-up lids, dressed in factory-made fabric with flowers. A braided ornament is sewn on the slightly curved bosom. The fronts are overlapped at the waist, and the upper part has a deep groove, framed with braided twists and fastened under the neck with a braided button.

Festive women's costume from the first half of the twentieth century.
Festive women's costume from the first half of the twentieth century.

With the use of long outer garments, „zabun“, „anteriya“ , „klashnik“ reduces the decoration on the shirt placed underneath, which is made of home canvas. Through the axillary incision of the anther you can see finely embroidered flowers in red on the neckline of the shirt. The sleeves are wide, without decoration with a small lace at the end. Above is girded with "futa" with vertical colored stripes in yellow, orange, red and green, and the sides have two decorative ribbons with decorations resembling a mountain peak. This „futa“ was used until the middle of the twentieth century, and the side decoration emphasizes the festive look of the clothing. On it is a multi-colored belt, fastened with buckles.

Антерия с ръкав от района на Белица. Празнична женска носия от първата половина на ХХ век

She is veiled with a thin „shamiya“, a favorite for maidens and brides and worn on solemn occasions. She wrapped herself behind the back of her neck and lifted the ends and tied them on top of her head, often sticking a wrist under the knot.

The feet are shoed with knitted woolen socks with red toes and heels, which serves to prevent from „uroki“. Shoed with „kundurki“ with side fastening, as worn by city girls.

Антерия с ръкав от района на Белица. Празнична женска носия от първата половина на ХХ век

The festive costume is complemented by jewelry and buckles, which show that this is already a married woman. On the „anteriya“ there is a silver breastplate of two parts, connected by a long chain with coin-shaped plates. One part is a beautiful embossed rosette and the other is a decorative hook for hanging. Free-hanging chains with plates make a sound when a woman moves, and this is also part of the apotropaic functions of jewelry. The belt is fastened with leaf-shaped buckles made of silver alloy, with a floral border and a rosette in the center. Palm-shaped buckles are among the favorites for both master goldsmiths and women from different parts of our country.


Both the „anteriya“ and the jewelry turn this dress into a representative festive attire of a bride or an already married woman.


Антерия с ръкав от района на Белица. Празнична женска носия от първата половина на ХХ век
 

Latchezara Parmatova from Razlog put on the costume.

This costume is from the fund of the museum in Belitsa.

The project "Study of the specifics and richness of national costumes from the Razlog region in the light of cultural diversity" is realized with the financial support of the National Culture Fund under the program "Cultural Heritage".


In fulfillment of the goals of the project we present some of the most beautiful traditional costumes, typical for the Razlog valley in the last 2 centuries.


We offer our sincere thanks to our hosts from the Historical Museum - Razlog, and to all local people who helped with the realization.

Special thanks to all participants and team members who took their time and with useful information, knowledge and valuable advice made possible the work on the project.


A reverence to the girls and boys from the town of Razlog, who stood in front of our camera and with their enthusiasm, youth and beauty revived for a new life the most beautiful costumes from old Mehomiya.




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