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„DEVOYKO, MARI HUBAVA“ is a calendar for 2018

„DEVOYKO, MARI HUBAVA“ is a calendar for 2018 of authentic traditional Bulgarian costumes, preserved in museums on the territory of Bulgaria. In this calendar you can see „living“ costumes from the Historical Museum in Razlog, the Regional Ethnographic Museum in Plovdiv, the Museum of the Wood-Carving and Ethnographycal Arts in the town of Tryavna, the Regional Historical Museum in Shumen. A hearty thanksgiving to the experts in these museums for their cooperation in the realization of the project and for their dedication to preserve the cultural and historical heritage of Bulgaria.

The Clothing of Bulgarian Women – Symbolism and Magic.

In folk culture clothing is regarded as a double of the person. In Bulgaria traditional women’s clothing is called „nosiya“ from the verb „nosya“ – to wear. The festive clothing is called „premyana“ (from the verb „to change“) and it has a distinctive ritual meaning. Every new „beginning“ – baptizing, transition from a child to a young woman, wedding or death – is marked with a new „premyana“. Getting married is a supreme moment in woman’s life. It is marked with multiple symbols, the most prominent among which is the wedding clothing. It is richly ornate not only in terms of garment, but also because of the complementary decoration and jewels. Some of the top women’s clothes can be put on for the first time in the wedding day and can be worn only after the wedding. Clothing is a symbolic boundary between the body and the outer world. Thus, some of its elements, which are inherited from the old woman’s costume like shirt, belt and apron, have apotropaic functions. The axil, sleeves and the brim of the skirts are decorated with embroidery, because it is there where evil forces could enter and harm the woman. The apron is in the front and it is the most visible and colourful part of the clothing. Enhanced with a belt and buckles, it is a powerful apotropaic symbol and dispels evil. The headscarf is a sign of age and social status worn by married women. It is believed to possess the strength and fertility of the woman. That is why the headscarf is an object of the worst magic spells. Jewellery is always an important complement of the costume which has not only decorative, but also functional designation. In medieval imagery – murals and miniatures, jewellery reveal the social status of their owners. Aristocrats and wealthy people wear richly decorated jewels made of precious metals. Other people have copper or bronze ornaments, which are sometimes gilded. The Ottoman invasion in Bulgarian lands lead to a change in local culture and traditions. The jewel was no longer a social separator, indicating the status of its owner – whether he is a ruler or an ordinary person – it became accessible to everybody. Grozdelina Georgieva – Savatinova, curator, Plovdiv Regional Ethnographic Museum


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