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Festive "geziya" (dziziya) from Razlog, from the first decades of the twentieth century


Festive "geziya" (dziziya) from Razlog, from the first decades of the twentieth century

The costume is shown in April in the calendar 2022, 14 sheets, wall, with folk costumes "А Pirin Girl from the Razlog region"

👉 You can view the calendar here.

❤ Veselina Angelinina from Razlog wore the costume.

❤ The costume is from the fund of the Historical Museum - Razlog.

❤ We truly thank the Municipality of Razlog for the support in publishing this calendar!

👉 The upper garment - geziya ("dziziya") has a fitted upper part and 3 buttons on both sides of the bosom opening. A skirt with large pleats and a decoration in the lower part of 2 velvet black ribbons are sewn to it. The bosom is also made of velvet with colored embroidery in the center. It is a later development of the type of the “koshorest foustan”, but it, already a festive urban cloth is complemented by a velvet bosom embroidered with flowers. In this way additional colors are added and the femininity of the wearer is further emphasized, while at the same time impressing with its velvety festive “futa”.

The shirt (koshulya) with “zapeski”, which are characteristic for Razlog - tulips in red and blue and rich hand-knitted lace on the wide sleeves "prinka". Above there is a “futa” (apron) from velvet, embroidered with bouquets of flowers at the bottom and a finish with black factory lace.

She is veiled with a “shamiya”, called "parlenda", of fine silk and trimmed at the edges with hand-sewn or later with factory black lace. She is very much loved by young maidens and brides, as shown in one of the dance songs in Razlog: "Let's go, Yano, buy you a sham-shamiya; you to wear it, I to watch you ”. It was brought to the area by merchants from Trieste. The “shamiya” is in two colors - green and red, with printed flowers for decoration. Her role is to cover the hair, because in folk culture "unveiled woman is like naked." If young girls are allowed to be unveiled, with only a flower in their hair, then the married woman cannot afford it. Only family members can see the woman uncovered, but not outsiders.

On the feet with finely knitted one-color socks with embroidered on the toes and feet ornaments and shoed with leather shoes with a small heel.

👉 The photos for the calendar were taken within the project "Study of the specifics and richness of national costumes from the Razlog region in the light of cultural diversity" is realized with the financial support of the National Culture Fund under the program "Cultural Heritage".




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