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Festive women's costume - foustan, from Razlog region


Festive women's costume - foustan, from Razlog region

The costume is shown in October in the calendar for 2022, 14 sheets, wall, with folk costumes "А Pirin Girl from the Razlog region".

👉 You can view the calendar here.

Helena Ilieva from Razlog wore the costume. The costume is from the fund of the Historical Museum - Razlog

We truly thank the Municipality of Razlog for the support in publishing this calendar!

Festive women's costume - foustan, from Razlog region.

This costume is from the first decades of the twentieth century, as the new garment "foustan" shows a transition from the traditional to urban clothing. Due to her comfort and her effeminacy, she became a favorite garment in the Razlog region until the middle of the twentieth century.

In the photo, the girl is dressed in a white shirt (koshulya) made of woven woolen cloth with rich embroidery - "zapeski", of tulips and carnations on the bosom and sleeves, with hand-knitted lace, framing the sleeves and short at the skirt. On top is a brown fine pleated "foustan", made of factory colored cotton yarn, decorated with colored ribbons in lighter yellow at the skirts. It has a cut of a dress with a top fitted to the torso and a pleated skirt sewn to it, which emphasizes the woman's hips. In sunny weather, a play of light creates bizarre shapes when a woman moves in a pleated skirt. After the 1920s, the bosom was cut deeper and the decorated embroidered shirt was shown underneath, or a specially made velvet, satin or silk breastplate was placed, tied with ties through the neck. The oval or square bosom is trimmed with rich braided, wide and hand-sewn purl decoration. The two parts are connected by internal wire buttons, placed on a separate piece, whose triangular connections enter the shaped female bosom. It is belted with a double-breasted apron, called "futa na prachki", with matching colored stripes, complemented by small floral ornaments, and the sides are framed with short fringes - "pusheta". This "futa" was used until the middle of the twentieth century, as the side turgid fringes emphasized the festive type of clothing.


Festive women's costume - foustan, from Razlog region

She is veiled with a "kushak" - "sindzhirlia" with scarlet color and a chain of roses - hence the name of the veil, which is put in solemn occasions.

The feet are worn with knitted wool socks, with red on the toes and heels, which is done to protect from evil eyes and to break the monotony of white. She is wearing slippers, as city girls wear. This is a festive costume for girls and young brides, and the difference between them is in the decoration with jewelry and buckles, which determine the status of the married woman.

The shirt for girls and young brides is richly decorated because it is closest to the body and should prevent it from injury. The bride's shirt is kept for all life and is used to dress the woman at his burial to recognize with her husband in the "other world". It is one of the most ritually loaded parts of clothing, for this reason it is a lifetime. If the shirt is stolen, it can cause the most important magic to be cast on its owner, but it can also break magic. "Koshulya" is the old name of the shirt, and it is preserved throughout the Slavic world. The shirt of young women necessarily has a red color - a symbol of blood and life, while the embroidery in adults acquires darker colors. The young bride presents her future mother-in-law with a richly embroidered shirt if she is relatively young, but if she is already an old woman, the shirt is poorer in terms of ornamentation. The bride's shirt is made especially and when sewing, in order to strengthen the protective role, there are small defective stitches so that the woman cannot be "urochasana". The folk belief is strong and it is no coincidence that the clothing reflects these transmitted over the centuries knowledge about storage. The costume shows the tender Heli from Razlog. And you can learn more about her in this business card: "My name is Helena, my parents wanted me to bear my paternal grandmother's name - Elena, but at the same time to be different. So they took the first letter of my grandfather Hristo's name. I really like my name and it is special for me because it connects me with my grandparents. My great-grandfather is from Serska Banitsa (Greek), but they settled in this area after refusing to be Greek. I grew up in the town of Razlog, but I also spent a lot of time in Bachevo - a village near Razlog with my grandparents.

Festive women's costume - foustan, from Razlog region

I am a 17-year-old student at a high school in Razlog. I dance folk dances, go to folk singing, I like to paint, go out and walk with my friends in my free time.

My family respects all Bulgarian folk traditions and we try to respect them as they were passed down to us from previous generations. All the memories with my family have remained in my heart because we spent time together.

My connection with Bulgarian folklore is from very young. My whole family is connected with him and from an early age I have been taught to respect and preserve Bulgarian traditions and customs. Folklore brings me very special feelings and enlivens me with incredible energy.

I like everything in my homeland - the nature, the history of the city, the costumes in this area. We observe almost all local holidays and customs.

The feeling of wearing a 100 year old costume is wonderful, but also very responsible. This is how we touch its history, its authenticity brings you even closer to your folklore and roots. I would wear folk costume many more times, no matter what the occasion - photos, carnival, concert or other event.

Bulgaria is everything for me - homeland, home, a place with a unique history and folklore, where I want to stay to live and develop. " 👉 Photographer: Petar Petrov

👉 The photos for the calendar were taken within the project "Study of the specifics and richness of national costumes from the Razlog region in the light of cultural diversity" is realized with the financial support of the National Culture Fund under the program "Cultural Heritage".





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