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Festive sleeveless „zabun” from Razlog from the beginning of the XX century

Festive sleeveless „zabun” from Razlog from the beginning of the XX century

The costume is shown in July in the calendar for 2022, 14 sheets, wall, with folk costumes "А Pirin Girl from the Razlog region".

👉 You can view the calendar here.

❤ Antonia Preshelkova from Razlog wore the costume.

❤ The costume is from the fund of the Historical Museum - Razlog.

❤ We truly thank the Municipality of Razlog for the support in publishing this calendar!

👉 Festive costume typical of the early twentieth century. It consists of a sleeveless „zabun” made of factory cotton fabric - red base with white stripes. The “zabun” is a favorite garment in the region, and with the advent of the new century it has been gradually abandoned by younger women and worn mainly by older women. The trapezoidal shape of the garment from the waist down is achieved with high wedges on the sides, and the lack of pucker contributes to the simplified look and cut.

🔸 The bosom is deeply cut, oval, richly trimmed with black braid and blue braid. The buttons are placed on an additional piece of purple fabric, the pointed tip of which enters the neckline. It is interesting to mix elements of different types of clothes. This shows the parallel existence of clothing and the mutual overlap of elements to each other, in this case between this „zabun” and the "scarlet foustan" with a bosom with an additional pointed piece of fabric for the buttons, and perhaps this is the prototype of foustans with cut and decorated bosom. On the open bosom is placed a breastplate of dark blue velvet, on which the necklace with the golden pendar stands out well.

🔸 Below is a long white shirt with "zapeski" and blue trim on the sleeves and lace on the skirts.

Festive sleeveless „zabun” from Razlog from the beginning of the XX century

🔸 The waist is fastened with a red belt, and above it with „lashnitsi” is belted the typical red festive apron, decorated with flowers and black fringe "pusheta" below. The border under the colored decoration completely impresses with the geometric decoration of the double-breasted „lashnici” (ties) on the apron, emphasizing the woman's sense of symmetry and aesthetics.

🔸 The legs are in brown socks with embroidery on the foot and ankles and worn Wallachian slippers with a red pompom. The head is covered with a purple headscarf - "kushak-sindzirliya", which, among other elements, gives additional representation to the costume.

🔸 Both maidens and brides wear necklaces, bracelets, earrings, but only married women can wear buckles.

Festive sleeveless „zabun” from Razlog from the beginning of the XX century

👉 The costume was worn by the beautiful young girl from Razlog Antonia Preshelkova. You can learn more about her in her business card:

"My name is Antonia Preshelkova and I study law at the University of National and World Economy. I like to travel and take long walks in nature. My roots are from Razlog, where I grew up. My family respects Bulgarian folk traditions. I remember when I first wore the costume and I participated in "Starchevata". I was very young, but I still remember all the emotion of the holiday that I still feel today. My connection with folklore is that I grew up in such an environment. In Razlog you can't help but remain involved in folklore not to wear it in yourself. In my homeland I like the charisma and motivation of people to keep the tradition. The feeling of wearing a 100 year old costume is wonderful. I feel lucky to have the honor to wear something like this. I like to wear costumes and I would wear my costume on January 1st, of course. Bulgaria is irreplaceable and amazing for me! "

👉 Photographer: Petar Petrov

👉 The photos for the calendar were taken within the project "Study of the specifics and richness of national costumes from the Razlog region in the light of cultural diversity" is realized with the financial support of the National Culture Fund under the program "Cultural Heritage".


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